Era una ciudad muy... Tema: Culturas del pasado peruano

¿Cuál era la capital del imperio inca?     Antes de los incas estaban los moches     ¿Por qué hicieron las líneas de Nasca?

In-class activities for students: Try these activities with a classmate or two or on your own!

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¿Cuál era la capital del imperio inca?

Imagine yourself standing in the middle of the silent Incan ruins of Machu Picchu, surrounded by the majestic mountain scenery, the clouds almost touching you. What do you feel as you stand in el ombligo del mundo? You probably would wonder how the Incas reached the top of this mountain before the Inca Trail was built and why they chose such an inaccessible place to create a settlement. As you search for answers, you will encounter a magnificent civilization that founded a vast empire. With a partner, visit these Web sites and explore the jewels of the Inca empire: Cuzco and Machu Picchu. Take turns asking and answering these questions in Spanish. Always answer in complete sentences.
¿Quiénes eran los incas? ¿En qué zonas de Sudamérica se establecieron? ¿Dónde estaban sus ciudades principales?

¿Quién fue su primer líder? ¿Cómo se llamaba el último?

¿Qué idioma o lengua hablaban los incas?

¿Quiénes llegaron a Perú y eliminaron la cultura inca? ¿Cuántos años hace que desapareció la cultura inca?
Did you know that the name of the city of Cuzco derives fron the Quechuan word qosco, meaning "the navel of the world"? Why do you think the Incas referred to Cuzco and Machu Picchu this way? Browse these Web sites for more fascinating information on the Incas.

Web Links:

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If you're using McDougal Littell's
¡Dime!2, refer to Unidad 4, Lección1pp168-185

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Antes de losincas estaban los moches

Before the Incas built their empire by conquering other South American cultures, the Moches (or Mochicas) were another great pre-Columbian civilization of Peru. In 1987, the Royal Tombs of Sipan were discovered in northern Peru, an archaeological discovery considered to be the most important of recent years. This discovery included great numbers of gold artifacts and jewels found at the burial sites, providing new information on a vanished culture. Unlike European kings and queens, who passed on to the next generation their jewelry and other valuable emblems of their royal status, the Moche royal members were buried with all their wealth. The treasures of Sipan have traveled to Los Angeles and Washington D.C., where they were exhibited at the Smithonian in 1995. Be a true archaeologist and explore these sites to find out more about the Moche culture. Write the answers to these questions with complete sentences as you browse:
¿Dónde floreció la cultura moche?

¿Qué técnicas desarrollaron y perfeccionaron los pintores moches?

¿Qué eran las huacas de los moches?

Web Links: per_moch.html
This page has many links to Moche culture subjects. proj/ anthro/ asb222/ articles/ article8.html
Brief, informative review of an article about the discovery of the royal tombs of the Moche ~felipe/ sipan/ sipan.html
A personal page in Spanish, with seven photographs of some artifacts found at Sipan and exhibited at the Smithonian

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If you're using McDougal Littell's
¡Dime!2, refer to Unidad 4, Lección1pp168-185.

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¿Por qué hicieron las líneas de Nasca?

The mystery of the Nasca geoglyphs (huge drawings on the earth) is another fascinating area of Peru's past. Why were these line drawings made? What significance do they have? Such questions have archaeologists and mathematicians scrambling to find answers. Some of the drawings can only be appreciated fully from the air because of their large dimensions. That fact has been the reason for many conjectures and hypotheses about extraterrestrial involvement in the making of the Nasca lines. Visit the following Web sites and gather information so that you can write your own brief hypothesis about who made them and their function. You could start as follows:
Yo creo que ___________ hicieron las líneas de Nasca porque querían ______________. Ellos...

Web Links: whc/ sites/ 700.htm
The World Heritage List page on the lines and geoglyphs of Nasca peru.html
Very informative article about Nasca culture, its myths and mysteries

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If you're using McDougal Littell's
¡Dime!2, refer to Unidad 4, Lección3pp202-219

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